SSO Hospital

Specialty Surgical Oncology Hospital and Research Centre

Understanding Breast Cancer: Risk Factors and Prevention Strategies

Introduction:  Breast cancer is a growing concern worldwide, and in India, we are witnessing an alarming increase in cases, especially among younger women.

This blog will discuss the reasons behind this trend, the risk factors involved, and what can be done to minimize the risk of developing breast cancer.

Also Read- Breast Reconstruction


Non-Modifiable Risk Factors

Non-modifiable risk factors are those aspects that cannot be changed.

Some of the key non-modifiable risk factors associated with breast cancer include:

Age: The risk of breast cancer increases as a woman gets older.

Gender: Being female increases the risk of breast cancer.

Family history: A family history of breast or ovarian cancer can increase the risk.

Genetic mutations: Certain genetic mutations, such as BRCA1 and BRCA2, can significantly increase the risk of breast cancer.

Reproductive factors: Having a child later or not having a child at all can also increase the risk.

Other factors: Race, ethnicity, history of previous benign breast disorders, and radiotherapy for other cancers (such as lymphoma) during childhood can also contribute to an increased risk of breast cancer.

Modifiable Risk Factors

Modifiable risk factors can be altered through lifestyle changes, potentially reducing the risk of breast cancer. Some of these factors include:

Smoking: Smoking increases the risk of breast cancer.

Alcohol use: Excessive alcohol consumption can raise the risk.

Obesity: Maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk.

Reproductive factors: Prolonged use of oral contraceptive pills and hormonal replacement therapy for postmenopausal symptoms can increase the risk.

Breastfeeding for a short duration or not breastfeeding at all can also contribute to a higher risk.

Also Read- Breast Cancer Biopsy

Prevention Strategies

Adopting healthy lifestyle habits can help minimize the risk of breast cancer. Some recommended prevention strategies include:

Healthy diet: Eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

Exercise: Doing moderate exercise, such as 2.5 hours of physical activity per week.

Lifestyle changes: Avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.

Medication control: Moderating the use of hormonal medications and opting for breastfeeding whenever possible.


Understanding the risk factors of breast cancer and adopting preventive strategies can be crucial in reducing its incidence.

In our upcoming blogs, we will discuss the symptoms and signs of breast cancer and how it is diagnosed.

If you have any questions or comments, please leave them below, and we will reply.

Stay informed and take charge of your health.