Dr. Karishma Kirti

Dr. Jay R Anam

Breast Cancer Surgeon & Oncoplastic Specialist
DNB General Surgery, M.Ch

Early-Stage Male Breast Cancer: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Male Breast Cancer

While breast cancer is often associated with women, it’s essential to recognize that men can also be affected by this disease.

Male breast cancer, though less common, is a significant health concern that requires attention and awareness.

In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the various aspects of early-stage male breast cancer, from its symptoms and risk factors to diagnosis and treatment options.

Our goal is to increase awareness of male breast cancer and encourage men to seek medical advice if they notice any changes in their breasts.

By having open discussions about this health issue, we hope to improve outcomes for those impacted.


Male breast cancer is a rare form of cancer that occurs when malignant (cancerous) cells develop in the breast tissue of men.

Although breast cancer is predominantly associated with women, men also have breast tissue and can develop the disease. Male breast cancer accounts for less than 1% of all breast cancer cases.

The symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of male breast cancer are similar to those for women, but awareness and early detection are particularly important due to the lower incidence rate in men.

Risk factors for male breast cancer include age, family history, genetic mutations, and exposure to high levels of estrogen.

Symptoms of Early-Stage Male Breast Cancer

The most common symptoms of early-stage breast cancer include:

  • A painless lump or thickening in the breast tissue
  • Changes in the skin, such as redness, dimpling, or puckering
  • Nipple discharge, often bloody or clear
  • Inverted or retracted nipple
  • Swelling or tenderness in the breast area

It’s important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, such as gynecomastia (enlarged breasts in men).

A proper evaluation by a breast cancer specialist is necessary to determine the cause of these changes and rule out breast cancer.

Diagnosis of Early-Stage Male Breast Cancer

Early-stage male breast cancer is typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, imaging tests, and biopsies.

The following procedures are commonly used:

  • Physical examination: A healthcare professional will examine the breasts and surrounding areas for signs of cancer.

  • Sonomammography: This USG imaging technique is used to detect breast abnormalities and can help differentiate between cancer and other conditions

  • Biopsy: A small sample of breast tissue is removed and examined under a microscope to confirm the presence of cancer cells.

Also Read- Breast Cancer Biopsy

Treatment of Early-Stage Male Breast Cancer

Treatment options for early-stage male breast cancer depend on the specific characteristics of the tumor and the individual patient’s overall health. Common treatments include:

  • Surgery: The most common surgical treatment is a mastectomy, which involves the removal of the entire breast tissue. In some cases, a lumpectomy (removal of only the tumor) may be possible.

  • Radiation therapy: High-energy X-rays are used to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. This treatment may be used after surgery to reduce the risk of recurrence.


  • Chemotherapy: Anti-cancer drugs are used to kill cancer cells throughout the body. Chemotherapy may be administered before or after surgery, depending on the specific case.

Prognosis for Early-Stage Male Breast Cancer

Several factors affect the prognosis for early-stage male breast cancer, including the size and stage of the tumor, the presence of hormone receptors, and the patient’s overall health.

Generally, early detection and treatment lead to better outcomes. According to the American Cancer Society, the 5-year survival rate for men with localized breast cancer (cancer that has not spread beyond the breast) is about 97%.


In summary, early-stage male breast cancer is a rare but serious condition that requires prompt attention and appropriate treatment.

By recognizing the symptoms and seeking medical evaluation, men can improve their chances of successful treatment and long-term survival.

If you notice any changes in your breasts, don’t hesitate to consult with your healthcare provider to ensure the best possible outcome.