Genitourinary cancers are those that affect the urinary tract and genitals. There are several different types of genitourinary cancers, including prostate, bladder, and kidney cancer. Each type can be treated in a variety of ways, depending on the individual case. Some common treatments for genitourinary cancers include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
Types of genitourinary cancers
There are several different types of genitourinary cancers, including cancers of the bladder, prostate, testicles, and kidneys. Each type of cancer can present unique symptoms and treatment options.
- Bladder cancer: It is the most common type of genitourinary cancer in men, and it typically affects those over the age of 50. Symptoms may include blood in the urine, pain during urination, and a persistent urge to urinate. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
- Prostate cancer: This is the most common type of cancer in men after skin cancer. It often develops slowly and may not cause any symptoms until it has progressed to a later stage. Symptoms can include difficulty urinating, painful ejaculation, and blood in the urine or semen. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy.
- Kidney cancer: It’s the third most common type of genitourinary cancer. It often affects those over the age of 60 and can cause symptoms such as pain in the back or side, swelling in the legs, and changes in urination habits. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
- Testicular cancer: This is the most common type of cancer in young men between the ages of 15 and 34. Symptoms can include a lump or swelling in one or both testicles, pain or discomfort in the scrotum, and a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum.
Causes of genitourinary cancers
Doctors are not entirely sure what causes genitourinary cancers, but there are a number of factors that may increase your risk of developing one. Some of these include:
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Being obese or overweight
- Having a family history of the disease
- Using certain medications, such as those used to treat high blood pressure and prostate problems
- Being exposed to certain chemicals or radiation
Symptoms of genitourinary cancers
The symptoms of genitourinary cancers vary depending on the type of cancer. However, some common symptoms include:
- Pain or difficulty when urinating
- Streaming urine (urinating frequently) blood in the urine feeling tired and weak all the timea
- Lump or growth in the genital area
- Swelling in the legs, caused by a build-up of fluid (called edema)
- Pain in the pelvic region
Diagnosing genitourinary cancers
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, see your doctor as soon as possible. He or she will perform a physical exam and may order some tests to help determine if you have genitourinary cancer. These tests may include:
- Urine tests
- Blood tests
- Pelvic ultrasound
- CT scan
- MRI scan
Treating genitourinary cancers
The treatment for genitourinary cancers depends on the type and stage of the disease. Treatment options may include surgery,radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. It is important to discuss your treatment options with your doctor and to choose the treatment that is best for you.
Cancer Surgery :
Cancer surgery is the most common treatment for cancer. When cancer is found early, surgery may be the only treatment needed.
radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. It is sometimes used to treat cancers that have spread to other parts of the body.
chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It is often used when cancer has spread or cannot be treated with surgery or radiation therapy.
targeted therapy uses drugs that attack specific proteins in cancer cells. This type of treatment is becoming more common for genitourinary cancers.
Preventing Genitourinary Cancers
There are many ways that you can help to prevent genitourinary cancers. One of the most important is to maintain a healthy weight. Obesity is a major risk factor for these types of cancer. Exercising regularly and eating a balanced diet can also help to reduce your risk.
Other things you can do to protect yourself include:
- Avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
- Practicing safe sex
- Get regular screenings, especially if you are at high risk.
- Exercising regularly, and eating a balanced diet
They can be deadly if not caught early, but with timely diagnosis and treatment, most people can make a full recovery. If you have any concerns, be sure to talk to your doctor. Early diagnosis is key in treating these cancers.
Patient Can Trust Other Patient With More Impactful
Treating Doctor :
Dr. Jay Anam
Dr. Jay Anam Sir who performed CA Breast MRM surgery of my Mom.. I'm very grateful for your compassionate care & attention to my Mom throughout the treatment including your way of making her so comfortable, positive & strong enough during the treatment by your humble responses to all the queries. Also wanted to very much thank all the support team of Specialty Surgical Oncology (including Leena Ma'am & Sikandar Sir) for the best care
Treating Doctor :
Dr. Praveen Kammar
Dr.Praveen Kammar has been very patient in explaining diagnosis and plan of action. Fortunately our surgery, which was planned as Major surgery, could be avoided and all went out smoothly. Overall a good experience at SSO hospital and each member of the organization ensured utmost care and empathy is given to the patient. Hospital is clean and without clutter. Rooms are spacious and well maintained.
Let’s clear in detailed about your problems