Dr. Amit Chakraborty

Dr. Jitesh Rajpurohit

Surgical Oncologist

Blogs | 25-July-2023

6 Ways to Prevent Colorectal Cancer : A Comprehensive Guide

colorectal cancer

The development of colorectal cancer begins when the cells lining the colon or rectum become malignant and multiply uncontrollably. The chance of developing colorectal cancers may be drastically lowered by taking preventative steps. 

Early screening and lifestyle modifications addressing nutrition, exercise, and weight may help lower the risk of colon cancer. However, certain risk factors, such as age and family history, cannot be avoided.

Therefore, consider these six preventative measures to safeguard your colon and digestive systems.

Take a colorectal cancer screening

Cancer screenings are diagnostic exams to detect the disease before any symptoms appear. These exams may detect colon or rectal cancer at an earlier, more treatable stage. Testing should begin at age 45 for those at average risk. 

Some colorectal screening tests may also detect precancerous growths (polyps) in the colon or rectum and remove them if necessary. Although polyps themselves are not malignant, they may serve as incubators for cancerous tumors to grow inside. The removal of these items reduces the risk of cancer. 

“Empower yourself against colorectal cancer with personalized treatment options from our expert colon surgeon at SSO Hospital. Take control of your health today and schedule a consultation to start your journey towards a brighter future, free from colorectal cancer.”

Have a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains

Lower risk of colon or rectal cancer has been associated with diets high in vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. In addition, processed meats and red meat (beef, hog, or lamb) have been associated with an increased risk of colon cancer. 

Therefore reducing your consumption of these foods is recommended. Also, monitor your vitamin D levels; low vitamin D levels have been linked to an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer.

Maintain a regular workout routine

The risk of acquiring colorectal cancer may rise if you don’t get enough exercise. Physical activity has anti-inflammatory effects, which may lower the incidence of colorectal cancer. 

Inflammatory bowel disease sufferers, including those with Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, have an increased risk of colon cancer.

It has been suggested that regular exercise might reduce inflammation in the stomach and boost immunity, reducing the risk of cancer.

Get your weight under control

You are more likely to develop and succumb to colon or rectal cancer if you are overweight or obese. Higher levels of insulin, which controls blood sugar and may lead to abnormal cell proliferation in the colon, are seen in obese persons. 

You may manage your weight by eating better and exercising more. The average person’s cancer risk rises by 18% to 20% if they are overweight.

Stop smoking

Long-time smokers have a higher risk of colon or rectal cancer and a shorter life expectancy than non-smokers. In addition, if you smoke, you risk damaging your DNA and inflaming your intestines and lungs. 

This may lead to hypoxia or a lack of oxygen in the body’s tissues, which, together with DNA abnormalities, can promote the growth of abnormal cells that eventually become cancerous.

Prevent drinking

Colorectal cancer risk is increased in those who drink alcohol regularly. There is some evidence that drinking alcohol might harm the intestines. The by-product of this toxin may be harmful to DNA. Inflammation of the digestive tract is possible, and the gut’s natural defenses are lowered. 

Eventually, this may cause colorectal cancer to form. Alcohol should be avoided at all costs. But if you do, experts say males shouldn’t have more than two drinks per day, and women should limit themselves to one.

Also, Read- Can Diarrhea Be a Symptom of Colon Cance


Regarding cancer fatalities, colon cancer continues to be a significant factor for both men and women. Despite this, studies reveal that roughly half of all cancer deaths may be avoided by adopting a healthier lifestyle.

However, it is preferable to prevent the disease than treat it, and it is essential to be aware of the steps one may take to lessen the risk of developing colorectal cancer.